What will the new energy vehicles of the future look like? In fact, many academic papers in recent years have discussed the development direction of new energy vehicles. More widely recognized is the energy-led development route. From the era of fossil energy – the era of hybrid electric heat engines – the era of pure electricity – the era of clean energy – the era of primary energy. We are currently in the first phase of the conversion process.
In fact, this transformation process is still full of various contradictions, but it also allows generations of car people to create infinite possibilities.
The era of electric heat engine is also known as the hybrid era. At this stage, it gradually develops to pure electric mode, and the efficiency of the heat engine itself is gradually approaching the bottleneck. Ultimate miniaturization.
In the pure electric era, this is the development route that is currently advocated by the country and the world. Because electricity is still a secondary energy source, environmental issues are still the main contradiction at this stage. Motor battery technology has been gradually improved, efficiency has reached a bottleneck, and people have been overloaded with power demand.
In the era of clean energy, the so-called clean energy here includes but is not limited to the currently known energy such as nuclear energy, which has the characteristics of no pollution to the environment, but the adoption and storage are still a problem.
In the era of one-pole energy, the first-level energy designates the energy that can be directly converted and promotes a large amount of energy, which is often seen in science fiction movies.
New energy vehicles are wrong in the end. Some people say that there are various voices against it. In fact, we can also rationally analyze this problem from several aspects. First of all, what is a new energy vehicle? Is the hydrogen fuel-powered vehicle developed by Toyota that is about to be listed as a new energy vehicle, or the well-known battery-storage power vehicle is called a new energy vehicle or a new energy vehicle. It is debatable, in fact, with a little knowledge, you will know that using coal to generate electricity and then charging the car is not energy-saving and environmentally friendly at all, and the battery cost is too high, the charging time is too long, and the cruising range is too short. To solve the problem, the so-called new energy vehicles can only be short-lived.
The future development trend of new energy vehicles – the general trend Section 1: Explanation of terms
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NE new energy: unconventional energy, refers to a new form of energy other than traditional energy. Types include new categories in the popularization or R&D process, including solar (photovoltaic), wind, geothermal, ocean, biomass, and fusion. Its characteristics must be clean, environmentally friendly and sustainable. The so-called sustainable refers to the sustainable use of resources for a long time, that is, the so-called inexhaustible infinite energy.
Unconventional energy: Traditional energy refers to the energy situation that has been exploited on a large scale for a long time and has been widely used, and is a one-time non-renewable energy source. Types refer specifically to fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and natural gas. These fuels are formed slowly in a long history, and the rate of exploitation and consumption is completely disproportionate to the rate of formation; therefore, once traditional energy is exhausted, all the Machines will stop.
Section 2: Vehicles and Energy
Cars are the top personal commuting vehicles that ordinary people can use. They are efficient in commuting and have a good user experience. The advantages of sheltering from wind and rain have been globally recognized. This kind of means of transportation will inevitably be widely popularized. The current global car ownership is billions, and the domestic car ownership alone is about 260 million, of which more than 250 million are traditional energy-powered vehicles (oil/natural gas). What’s the problem with this?
Roughly calculated data has been very shocking. Based on a rough analysis of the global car ownership in 2019, the annual fuel consumption has exceeded 5.7 billion tons, which is equivalent to about four times the storage capacity of the West Lake. This is the oil that is consumed every year, and the proven oil reserves in the world are already less than 200 billion tons. It seems that it will not take a long time for them to be completely exhausted. This may be the reason why the Middle East is not calm enough. Chaos at the macro level will be centered on the competition of energy patterns in the future.
There are 260 million domestic vehicles and various types of motor vehicles covering a total of more than 300 million vehicles. The fuel consumed by these vehicles every year has caused nearly 70% of the passive situation of dependence on imports. Many car owners are complaining about oil prices, but it seems difficult to control oil prices reasonably without taking the initiative; and it can be predicted that with the gradual reduction of oil reserves, oil prices will become more and more uncontrollable. However, the price of fuel directly determines the cost of transportation, and the cost of transportation determines the price. So in order to reasonably control the price stability in the future, should we start with energy reform?
Section 3: The Fourth Round of Energy Transformation – Global Topics
All types of NE new energy are very special. Except for nuclear fusion energy, which can bypass electricity to achieve mechanical energy conversion (steam turbine) on special ships, the remaining wind and solar power and other energy sources that can be obtained indefinitely through nature, these energy sources cannot be used. Converted directly to mechanical energy by some kind of engine. What they have in common is that they are converted into electric energy and consumed as reserve energy, so the motor vehicle needs to use the engine that consumes electricity as the power element; so from the train (high-speed rail train) to the car, it needs to be equipped with an electric motor, so far, new energy vehicles have become the future form. .
Summary: The energy that can be obtained infinitely from nature determines that the final form will be [electricity]; the particularity of electric energy determines the type of engine, so the future car will naturally be an electric motor vehicle. With the existing scientific level, there is no possibility of breaking through this barrier, so the gradual transformation of fuel vehicles into electric vehicles has become the direction of technological upgrading in major countries in the world. For this, you can refer to the analysis of Volvo, Mercedes-Benz, Jaguar, Land Rover, GM, Ford, Volkswagen, Toyota and other brands. These companies have successively announced the nodes to stop the production of fuel vehicles, starting in 2019 at the earliest and before 2025 on average.
Self-owned brands include BAIC Changan Haima and other brands that have announced transformation plans, and first-tier private car companies such as Geely Great Wall BYD are also accelerating technological transformation; the direction of mainstream car companies’ technology research and development direction is equal to the direction of the overall development of industry technology, and it is also equal to the energy revolution. Not on paper, change has already begun and has entered an accelerated phase. Fuel vehicles won the competition with electric vehicles in the early 20th century, but after a hundred years, they will inevitably bid farewell to the historical stage because of traditional energy; this is only a hundred years, and oil is really unreliable.